TMEM16A Mediated Mucus Production in Human Airway Epithelial Cells.
Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2020 Oct 07;:
Authors: Cabrita I, Benedetto R, Wanitchakool P, Lerias J, Centeio R, Ousingsawat J, Schreiber R, Kunzelmann K
TMEM16A is a Ca2+ activated chloride channel that was shown to enhance production and secretion of mucus in inflamed airways. It is, however, not clear whether TMEM16A is truly responsible for mucus production, or whether mucin and TMEM16A are upregulated independently during inflammatory airway diseases such as asthma and cystic fibrosis (CF). We examined this question using BCi-NS1 cells, a human airway basal cell line that maintains multipotent differentiation capacity, and the two human airway epithelial cell lines, Calu-3 and CFBE. The data demonstrate that exposure of airway epithelial cells to IL-8 and IL-13, two cytokines known to be enhanced in CF and asthma, respectively, leads to increase in mucus production. Expression of MUC5AC was fully dependent on expression of TMEM16A, as shown by siRNA-knockdown of TMEM16A. In addition, different inhibitors of TMEM16A attenuated IL-13 induced mucus production. Interestingly, in CFBE cells expressing F508delCFTR, IL-13 was unable to upregulate membrane expression of TMEM16A or Ca2+-activated whole cell currents. The regulator of TMEM16A, CLCA1, strongly augmented both Ca2+- and cAMP-activated Cl- currents in cells expressing wtCFTR, but failed to augment membrane expression of TMEM16A in F508delCFTR-expressing CFBE cells. The data confirm the functional relationship between CFTR and TMEM16A and suggest an impaired upregulation of TMEM16A by IL-13 or CLCA1 in cells expressing the most frequent CF-causing mutation F508delCFTR.
PMID: 33026825 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]